A cross-sectional study on bovine tuberculosis in Hawassa town and its surroundings, Southern Ethiopia

A Regassa, A Tassew, K Amenu, B Megersa, F Abunna, B Mekibib, T Marcotty, G Ameni

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hawassa town and its surroundings from October 2007 to May 2008 to estimate the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) based on comparative interadermal tuberculin test (CIDT) and abattoir survey. Accordingly, 39 herds comprising 413 cattle were subjected to CIDT, and the herd and individual animal prevalence were 48.7% (19/39) and 11.6% (48/413), respectively. One of the 16 milk samples collected from tuberculin-positive cows was culture positive. The prevalence significantly differed among the age group (P = 0.001) and management system (P = 0.001). Thus, age group over four (OR = 7.9) and animal with poor management system (OR = 4.1) had a higher odds for tuberculin reactivity compared to those with age group under four and cattle with good management system, respectively. Of the total 1,023 cattle subjected to postmortem examination, 11 (1.1%) were found to be positive for gross tuberculous lesions. Larger proportion (50%) of TB lesion was recorded in the respiratory pathway followed by digestive system (28.6%) and prescapular lymph nodes (21.4%). Of 14 tissue specimens collected from the gross lesions, four (28.6%) were positive for histopathological TB lesions. In conclusion, this study revealed the importance of BTB in the study area in particular and the region in general.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTropical Animal Health and Production
    Volume42
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)915-920
    Number of pages6
    ISSN0049-4747
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Animal diseases
    • Bacterial diseases
    • Bovine
    • Tuberculosis
    • Mycobacterium bovis
    • Prevalence
    • Cattle
    • Herds
    • Estimation
    • Intradermal
    • Tuberculin test
    • Surveys
    • Sampling
    • Age distribution
    • Risk factors
    • Ethiopia
    • Africa-East

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'A cross-sectional study on bovine tuberculosis in Hawassa town and its surroundings, Southern Ethiopia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this