A systematic review of more than one dose of misoprostol after mifepristone for abortion up to 10 weeks of gestation

Maria F Gallo, Susan Cahill, Laura Castleman, Ellen M H Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to assess the effectiveness, acceptability and safety of regimens that include mifepristone and multiple misoprostol doses for abortion up to 10 weeks of gestation.

METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and reference lists for English-language reports (published between January 1990 and September 2005) of trials evaluating a medication abortion regimen consisting of mifepristone and multiple doses of misoprostol. Eligible trials had to either be restricted to women with less than 10 weeks' gestation or report stratified results that allowed the extraction of data for this subset.

RESULTS: Although we identified 26 eligible studies, only 3 were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), comparing regimens that differed in the repeat-dose misoprostol component. These trials did not detect differences in effectiveness between the randomized groups. One RCT found evidence of higher effectiveness from repeat misoprostol doses among a subgroup of women with more advanced gestations.

CONCLUSIONS: Although clinicians often prescribe a repeat dose of misoprostol to increase effectiveness in medication abortion, the effect of the repeat dose has not been established. Because mifepristone followed by a single misoprostol dose is highly effective in inducing abortion, determining the effect of a repeat misoprostol dose would require a large sample size. The resource expenditure on such large trials might not be warranted. Any future studies should use induction-to-completion time to measure effectiveness and should assess acceptability and side effects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalContraception
Volume74
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
ISSN0010-7824
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal/administration & dosage
  • Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal/administration & dosage
  • Abortion, Induced/methods
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • MEDLINE
  • Mifepristone/administration & dosage
  • Misoprostol/administration & dosage
  • Pregnancy
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Treatment Outcome

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