Antibiotic use in a municipal veterinary clinic in Ghana

Wisdom Adeapena, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Robinah Najjemba, Johan van Griensven, Alexandre Delamou, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Kwaku Poku Asante

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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a threat to public health, impacting both human and animal health as well as the economy. This study sought to describe antibiotic prescription practices and use in the Kintampo North Municipal Veterinary Clinic in Ghana using routinely collected data. Of the 513 animals presented for care between 2013 and 2019, the most common animals were dogs (71.9%), goats (13.1%), and sheep (11.1%). Antibiotics were prescribed for 273/513 (53.2%) of the animals. Tetracycline was the most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics, (99.6%). Of the 273 animals that received antibiotics, the route of administration was not documented in 68.9%, and antibiotic doses were missing in the treatment records in 37.7%. Details of the antibiotic regimen and the medical conditions diagnosed were often not recorded (52.8%). This study recommends appropriate documentation to enable continuous audit of antibiotic prescription practice and to improve quality of use. There is also the need for a national survey on antibiotic prescribtion and use in animal health to support policy implementation and decision making in One-Health in Ghana.

Original languageEnglish
Article number138
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Issue number3
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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