Association of out-of-home eating with anthropometric changes; a systematic review of prospective studies

Eunice S Nago, Carl K Lachat, Romain A M Dossa, Patrick W Kolsteren

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    In the present review, the association of out-of-home eating with anthropometric changes was examined. Peer-reviewed studies in eight databases were searched, and 15 prospective studies were included in the review. The quality of the data was assessed by considering risks of bias in sample selection, data collection methods, and the appropriateness of statistical tests. From this, seven studies, which used relatively large samples or had a follow-up period longer than 10 years, were retained for further analysis. It was concluded that eating out-of-home frequently, in the broad sense, is positively associated with the risk of becoming overweight or obese and weight change. With regard to specific out-of-home sources, the review shows that eating at fast-food outlets is associated with a greater increase in body weight and waist circumference over time than eating at restaurants and takeaway foods positively predict BMI change in women. More research is needed on out-of-home foods other than fast-foods and restaurant foods, such as street, canteen, and school foods.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
    Volume54
    Issue number9
    Pages (from-to)1103-16
    Number of pages14
    ISSN1040-8398
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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