Bovine and caprine brucellosis in Bangladesh: Bayesian evaluation of four serological tests, true prevalence, and associated risk factors in household animals

Md. Shamim Ahasan, Md. Siddiqur Rahman, A. K. M. Anisur Rahman, Dirk Berkvens

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    A cross-sectional study was carried out to estimate the true prevalence of Brucella spp. and identify allied risk factors/indicators associated with brucellosis in the Dinajpur and Mymensingh districts of Bangladesh. A total 320 stratified random blood samples were collected and tested in parallel for Brucella antibodies using Rose Bengal (RBT), slow agglutination (SAT), and indirect and competitive ELISA. In addition, a structured questionnaire was administered to each household herd owner to gather information regarding potential risk factors. Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify potential risk factors or indicators at animal level. A Bayesian approach was used to estimate the true prevalence of brucellosis along with the test performances (Se and Sp). The estimated animal level true prevalence in cattle was 9.70 % (95 % CPI 5.0-16 %) and in goat 6.3 % (95 % CPI 2.8-11.0 %). The highest sensitivity was achieved by SAT ranges from 69.6 to 78.9 %, and iELISA was found to be more specific (97.4 to 98.8 %) in comparison with other tests. On the other hand, a significant level of (P <0.05) Brucella seropositivity was found in cattle that breed naturally compared with those that undergo artificial insemination. In goats, exotic breeds were significantly associated (P <0.05) with Brucella seroprevalence compared with indigenous breeds. Goats with a previous records of abortion and/or retained placenta were also found to have significant levels (P <0.05). Cows with previous abortion records showed higher odds (18 times) of being seropositive. None of the evaluated tests can be recommended to apply alone for the diagnosis of bovine and caprine brucellosis.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTropical Animal Health and Production
    Volume49
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)1-11
    Number of pages11
    ISSN0049-4747
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • Brucellosis
    • Seroprevalence
    • Bayesiananalyses
    • Test characteristics
    • Risk factors
    • Goats
    • Cattle
    • WILDLIFE INTERFACE AREAS
    • GOLD STANDARD
    • DAIRY FARMS
    • CATTLE
    • DIAGNOSIS
    • EPIDEMIOLOGY
    • SPECIFICITY
    • SENSITIVITY
    • LIVESTOCK
    • ZAMBIA

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