Bovine fasciolosis in the human fasciolosis hyperendemic Binh Dinh province in Central Vietnam

TGT Nguyen, TH Le, TH Dao, TLN Tran, N Praet, N Speybroeck, J Vercruysse, P Dorny

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    A cross-sectional survey on bovine fasciolosis was conducted in the Binh Dinh province of Central Vietnam that was previously identified as hyperendemic for human fasciolosis. In Vietnam, both pure Fasciola gigantica and hybrid and/or introgressed populations of liverflukes bearing genetic material from both Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica infect humans and animals. In this study, 825 cattle were randomly selected from 8 of the 11 provincial districts for faecal collection; blood samples were taken from 400 of these animals. Fasciola eggs and antibodies against Fasciola were detected by a quantitative sedimentation method and an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Overall, 54.9% of the animals were shedding Fasciola eggs while 72.2% were Fasciola seropositive. Animals under two years showed lower Fasciola infection rates than older animals. There were no differences in infection rates between districts. These results indicate a very high prevalence of Fasciola infections in cattle in Binh Dinh province. It is concluded that a fasciolosis control programme should be designed in this region aiming at reducing infection in both cattle and humans.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalActa Tropica
    Volume117
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)19-22
    Number of pages4
    ISSN0001-706X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Animal diseases
    • Helminthic diseases
    • Bovine
    • Fascioliasis
    • Fasciola gigantica
    • Fasciola hepatica
    • Prevalence
    • Cattle
    • Infection rates
    • Age
    • ELISA
    • Feces
    • Antibodies
    • Vietnam
    • Asia-Southeast

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