Choice of a family planning outlet in urban areas: the role of distance and quality of services in Kenya and Uganda

Jennifer Winston, Lisa M Calhoun, David Guilkey, Peter M Macharia, Ilene S Speizer

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INTRODUCTION: Quality of care and physical access to health facilities affect facility choice for family planning (FP). These factors may disproportionately impact young contraceptive users. Understanding which components of service quality drive facility choice among contraceptive users of all ages can inform strategies to strengthen FP programming for all potential users of FP.

METHODS: This study uses data from Population Services International's Consumer's Market for Family Planning (CM4FP) project, to examine drivers of facility choice among female FP users. The data collected from female contraceptive users, the outlet where they obtained their contraceptive method, and the complete set of alternative outlets in select urban areas of Kenya and Uganda were used. We use a mixed logit model, with inverse probability weights to correct for selection into categories of nonuse and missing facility data. We consider results separately for youth (18-24) and women aged 25-49 in both countries.

RESULTS: We find that in both countries and across age groups, users were willing to travel further to public outlets and to outlets offering more methods. Other outlet attributes, including signage, pharmacy, stockouts, and provider training, were important to women in certain age groups or country.

DISCUSSION: These results shed light on what components of service quality drive outlet choice among young and older users and can inform strategies to strengthen FP programming for all potential users of FP in urban settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1117849
JournalFrontiers in Global Women's Health
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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