Introduction: The objective of this study was to identify the factors that influenced the poor performance of the Community Observatory on Access to Health Services (OCASS) project during its implementation from 2014 to 2017 in Guinea and to formulate recommendations for the rest of the project.
Methods: This was a qualitative study using the multipolar performance framework of B. Marchal et al. adapted from the 'Global and Integral Assessment Model of Health Systems Performance, in acronym EGIPSS, from the Sicotte framework. The data was collected using a spreadsheet created in Microsoft Excel developed according to the four functions of the analytical framework: service delivery, goal achievement, interaction with the environment, and safeguarding values and organizational culture.
Results: The absence of an initial assessment of the technical, operational and organizational capacities of the implementing body and the failure to take into account the specific needs of the project in terms of resources (financial, material and human) were decisive in the poor performance of OCASS. Also, the weak involvement of national actors, the Ebola epidemic and the multiplicity of actors around the observatory played a significant role in the failure to achieve the objective of the project.
Conclusion: Our study revealed that the national context must be taken into account when setting up a social responsibility project and carrying out a basic assessment remains a fundamental step to guarantee its success.