Background: Physical inactivity remains a public health problem worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine compliance with physical activity (PA) recommendations developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and to analyze the association with different cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants in a sample of Spanish workers.
Methods: A cross sectional analysis was carried out in a sample of 2.651 individuals (2.428 men and 133 women, aged 40-55 years old) from the Aragon Workers' Health Study (AWHS). Sample was divided into two groups depending on whether they met PA recommendations during the last year, including transportation, leisure and occupational PA. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, clinical, pharmacological and lifestyle data were collected during the years 2011-2014. Median and interquartile range for quantitative variables and frequency distribution for categorical variables were used. Crude and adjusted binary logistic regression models were carried out to study the likelihood of meeting with PA recommendations based on the number of CVRF (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, obesity and smoking) present.
Results: 47.0% of workers complied with WHO recommendations for PA. Lower prevalence of compliance was found among those participants presenting some CVRF (39.7% in hypertensive, 38.7% in dyslipidemic and 32.7% in diabetic). Of the total study sample, 51.3% reported not performing PA or practice a light PA, 20.2% moderate and 28.5% vigorous or very vigorous PA. The likelihood of compliance with PA recommendations decreased with increasing the number of CVRF: 1 CVRF (OR: 0.62; 95% IC: 0.49-0.78), 2 CVRF (OR: 0.49; 95% IC: 0.38-0.62), 3 CVRF (OR: 0.34; 95% IC: 0.25-0.46), 4 CVRF (OR: 0.19; 95% IC: 0.11-0.32).
Conclusions: Compliance with recommendations of PA in our population remains insufficient, moreover in those with increased cardiovascular risk.