Cytotoxic CD8+T cells expressing CXCR5 are detectable in HIV-1 elite controllers after prolonged in vitro peptide stimulation

PhenoCure Study Grp

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Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not curative as HIV-1 persists in long-lived viral reservoirs. Consequently, patients are dependent on life-long drug adherence with possible side effects. To overcome these limitations strategies of a functional cure aim at ART free viral remission. In this study, we sought to identify detailed subsets of anti-viral CD8 + T cell immunity linked to natural long-term control of HIV-1 infection. Here, we analyzed HIV controllers and ART suppressed progressors for in vitro viral suppressive capacity (VSC) at baseline and after peptide stimulation. Functional properties and phenotypes of CD8 + T cells were assessed by IFN-γ ELISPOT and 18 color flow cytometry. HIV controllers showed significantly increased suppression at baseline as well as after peptide stimulation. IFN-γ secretion and the proliferation marker Ki67 positively correlated with VSC. Moreover, the detailed phenotype of three distinct multifunctional memory CD8 + T cell subsets were specific traits of HIV controllers of which two correlated convincingly with VSC. Our results underline the importance of multifunctional CD8 + T cell responses during natural control. Especially the role of CXCR5 expressing cytotoxic subsets emphasizes potential surveillance in sites of reservoir persistence and demand further study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number622343
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume11
Number of pages14
ISSN1664-3224
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • HIV controllers
  • functional cure
  • viral suppressive capacity
  • multifunctional CD8(+) T cells
  • CXCR5 CD8 T cells + plus
  • elite controllers

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