Detection and identification of Leishmania spp.: application of two hsp70-based PCR-RFLP protocols to clinical samples from the New World

Ana M. Montalvo, Jorge Fraga, Didier Tirado, Gustavo Blandon, Annia Alba, Gert Van der Auwera, Ivan Dario Velez, Carlos Muskus

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is highly prevalent in New World countries, where several methods are available for detection and identification of Leishmania spp. Two hsp70-based PCR protocols (PCR-N and PCR-F) and their corresponding restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) were applied for detection and identification of Leishmania spp. in clinical samples recruited in Colombia, Guatemala, and Honduras. A total of 93 cases were studied. The samples were classified into positive or suspected of leishmaniasis according to parasitological criteria. Molecular amplification of two different hsp70 gene fragments and further RFLP analysis for identification of Leishmania species was done. The detection in parasitologically positive samples was higher using PCR-N than PCR-F. In the total of samples studied, the main species identified were Leishmania panamensis, Leishmania braziliensis, and Leishmania infantum (chagasi). Although RFLP-N was more efficient for the identification, RFLP-F is necessary for discrimination between L. panamensis and Leishmania guyanesis, of great importance in Colombia. Unexpectedly, one sample from this country revealed an RFLP pattern corresponding to Leishmania naiffi. Both molecular variants are applicable for the study of clinical samples originated in Colombia, Honduras, and Guatemala. Choosing the better tool for each setting depends on the species circulating. More studies are needed to confirm the presence of L. naiffi in Colombian territory.

Original languageEnglish
JournalParasitology Research
Volume116
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1843-1848
Number of pages6
ISSN0932-0113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Leishmania
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Species
  • PCR
  • RFLP
  • hsp70
  • HUMAN CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS
  • HEAT-SHOCK-PROTEIN-70 GENE
  • MUCOCUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS
  • DERMAL LEISHMANIASIS
  • TREATMENT FAILURE
  • VIANNIA NAIFFI
  • PARASITES
  • HUMANS
  • BRAZIL
  • SUSCEPTIBILITY

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