Detection and management of diabetes during pregnancy in low resource settings: insights into past and present clinical practices

Bettina Utz, Alexandre Delamou, Loubna Belaid, Vincent De Brouwere

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Background. Timely and adequate treatment is important to limit complications of diabetes affecting pregnancy, but there is a lack of knowledge on how these women are managed in low resource settings. Objective. To identify modalities of gestational diabetes detection and management in low and lower middle income countries. Methods. We conducted a scoping review of published
literature and searched the databases PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and African Index Medicus. We included all articles published until April 24, 2016, containing information on clinical practices of detection and management of gestational diabetes irrespective of publication date or language. Results.We identified 23 articlesmainly fromAsia and sub-SaharanAfrica.Themajority
of studies were conducted in large tertiary care centers and hospital admission was reported in a third of publications. Ambulatory follow-up was generally done by weekly to fortnightly visits, whereas self-monitoring of blood glucose was not the norm. The cesarean section rate for pregnancies affected by diabetes ranged between 20% and 89%. Referral of newborns to special care units was common. Conclusion. The variety of reported provider practices underlines the importance of promoting latest consensus guidelines on GDM screening and management and the dissemination of information regarding their implementation
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Diabetes Research
Volume34
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)ID3217098
Number of pages14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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