Detection of circulating anodic antigen by ELISA for seroepidemiology of schistosomiasis mansoni

N de Jonge, B Gryseels, GW Hilberath, AM Polderman, AM Deelder

Research output: Contribution to journalA2: International peer reviewed article (not A1-type)

Abstract

Sera of individuals from Burundi excreting eggs of Schistosoma mansoni (prevalence 35%; 178 subjects) and of simular individuals from Maniema, Zaire (prevalence 95%, 99 subjects), and of 159 Dutch and 81 Zairean non-infected controls, were screened bu enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the presence of schistosome circulating anodic antigens (CAA). No false positive results were obtained. The sensitivity of the test was 75% in Burundi and 93% in Zaire, a significant difference (P < 0.05). However, in matched egg output classes the test results did not differ significantly; 60% and 67%, respectively, of those excreting 1-100 eggs per gram of faeces (epg), 86% and 100% of those excreting 101-400 epg, and 100% of those excreting over 400 epg were detected. The efficiency of the assay was 91% in Burundi and 93% in Zaire. The Spearman rank coefficient of correlation between antigen titre and egg output (dtermined by 3 consecutive Kato egg counts) was 0.61 in Burundi and 0.82 in Zaire. The sensitivity of the test compared well with a single egg count. In addition, preliminary data showed that occasionally CAA was detectable in serum of individuals not excreting schistosome eggs. As CAA is found only in the presence of living worms, such cases reflect active infections
Original languageEnglish
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume82
Pages (from-to)591-594
ISSN0035-9203
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • B780-tropical-medicine
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Helminthic diseases
  • Schistosoma mansoni
  • Burundi
  • Congo-Kinshasa
  • Africa-Central
  • ELISA
  • Seroepidemiology

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