Detection of tuberculosis drug resistance: a comparison by Mycobacterium tuberculosis MLPA assay versus Genotype®MTBDRplus

Paula Fernanda Gonçalves Dos Santos, Elis Regina Dalla Costa, Daniela M Ramalho, Maria Lucia Rossetti, Regina Bones Barcellos, Luciana de Souza Nunes, Leonardo Souza Esteves, Rodrigo Rodenbusch, Richard M Anthony, Indra Bergval, Sarah Sengstake, Miguel Viveiros, Afrânio Kritski, Martha M Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To cope with the emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), new molecular methods that can routinely be used to screen for a wide range of drug resistance related genetic markers in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome are urgently needed.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of multiplex ligaton-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) against Genotype® MTBDRplus to detect resistance to isoniazid (INHr) and rifampicin (RIFr).

METHOD: 96 culture isolates characterised for identification, drug susceptibility testing (DST) and sequencing of rpoB, katG, and inhA genes were evaluated by the MLPA and Genotype®MTBDRplus assays.

RESULTS: With sequencing as a reference standard, sensitivity (SE) to detect INHr was 92.8% and 85.7%, and specificity (SP) was 100% and 97.5%, for MLPA and Genotype®MTBDRplus, respectively. In relation to RIFr, SE was 87.5% and 100%, and SP was 100% and 98.8%, respectively. Kappa value was identical between Genotype®MTBDRplus and MLPA compared with the standard DST and sequencing for detection of INHr [0.83 (0.75-0.91)] and RIFr [0.93 (0.88-0.98)].

CONCLUSION: Compared to Genotype®MTBDRplus, MLPA showed similar sensitivity to detect INH and RIF resistance. The results obtained by the MLPA and Genotype®MTBDRplus assays indicate that both molecular tests can be used for the rapid detection of drug-resistant TB with high accuracy. MLPA has the added value of providing information on the circulating M. tuberculosis lineages.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume112
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)396-403
Number of pages8
ISSN0074-0276
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibiotics, Antitubercular/pharmacology
  • DNA, Bacterial/genetics
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/drug effects
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Isoniazid/pharmacology
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis/drug effects
  • Phenotype
  • Rifampin/pharmacology
  • Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/microbiology

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