Development, evaluation, and integration of a quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction diagnostic test for Ebola virus on a molecular diagnostics platform

Lieselotte Cnops, Peter Van den Eede, James Pettitt, Leo Heyndrickx, Birgit De Smet, Sandra Coppens, Ilse Andries, Theresa Pattery, Luc Van Hove, Geert Meersseman, Sari Van Den Herrewegen, Nicolas Vergauwe, Rein Thijs, Peter B Jahrling, David Nauwelaers, Kevin K Ariën

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

BACKGROUND:  The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa resulted in accelerated development of rapid diagnostic tests for emergency outbreak preparedness. We describe the development and evaluation of the Idylla™ prototype Ebola virus test, a fully automated sample-to-result molecular diagnostic test for rapid detection of Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) and Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV).

METHODS:  The Idylla™ prototype Ebola virus test can simultaneously detect EBOV and SUDV in 200 µL of whole blood. The sample is directly added to a disposable cartridge containing all reagents for sample preparation, RNA extraction, and amplification by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. The performance was evaluated with a variety of sample types, including synthetic constructs and whole blood samples from healthy volunteers spiked with viral RNA, inactivated virus, and infectious virus.

RESULTS:  The 95% limits of detection for EBOV and SUDV were 465 plaque-forming units (PFU)/mL (1010 copies/mL) and 324 PFU/mL (8204 copies/mL), respectively. In silico and in vitro analyses demonstrated 100% correct reactivity for EBOV and SUDV and no cross-reactivity with relevant pathogens. The diagnostic sensitivity was 97.4% (for EBOV) and 91.7% (for SUDV), the specificity was 100%, and the diagnostic accuracy was 95.9%.

CONCLUSIONS:  The Idylla™ prototype Ebola virus test is a fast, safe, easy-to-use, and near-patient test that meets the performance criteria to detect EBOV in patients with suspected Ebola.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume214
Issue numberS3
Pages (from-to)S192-S202
Number of pages11
ISSN0022-1899
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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