Diabetes care components effectively implemented in the ASEAN health systems: an umbrella review of systematic reviews

Vannarath Te, Sokvy Ma, Ir Por, Wim Van Damme, Edwin Wouters, Josefien van Olmen

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OBJECTIVES: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is among the hardest hit low-income and middle-income countries by diabetes. Innovative Care for Chronic Conditions (ICCC) framework has been adopted by the WHO for health system transformation towards better care for chronic conditions including diabetes. We conducted an umbrella review of systematic reviews on diabetes care components effectively implemented in the ASEAN health systems and map those effective care components into the ICCC framework.

DESIGN: An umbrella review of systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses following JBI (Joanna Briggs Institute) guidelines.

DATA SOURCES: Health System Evidence, Health Evidence, PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses which focused on management of type 2 diabetes, reported improvements in measured outcomes and had at least one ASEAN member state in the study setting.

DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two reviewers independently extracted the data and mapped the included studies into the ICCC framework. A narrative synthesis method was used to summarise the findings. The included studies were assessed for methodological quality based on the JBI critical appraisal checklist for systematic reviews and research syntheses.

RESULTS: 479 records were found of which 36 studies were included for the analysis. A multidisciplinary healthcare team including pharmacists and nurses has been reported to effectively support patients in self-management of their conditions. This can be supported by effective use of digital health interventions. Community health workers either peers or lay people with necessary software (knowledge and skills) and hardware (medical equipment and supplies) can provide complementary care to that of the healthcare staff.

CONCLUSION: To meet challenges of the increased burden of chronic conditions including diabetes, health policy-makers in the ASEAN member states can consider a paradigm shift in human resources for health towards the multidisciplinary, inclusive, collaborative and complementary team.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere071427
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Humans
  • Chronic Disease
  • Community Health Workers
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy
  • Systematic Reviews as Topic
  • Asia, Southeastern
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic


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