Diagnostic accuracy of the Leishmania OligoC-TesT and NASBA-Oligochromatography for diagnosis of Leishmaniasis in Sudan

AA Saad, NG Ahmed, OS Osman, AA Al-Basheer, A Hamad, S Deborggraeve, P Büscher, GJ Schoone, HD Schallig, T Laurent, A Haleem, OF Osman, AM Eltom, MI Elbashir, S El-Safi

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: The Leishmania OligoC-TesT and NASBA-Oligochromatography (OC) were recently developed for simplified and standardised molecular detection of Leishmania parasites in clinical specimens. We here present the phase II evaluation of both tests for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in Sudan. METHODOLOGY: The diagnostic accuracy of the tests was evaluated on 90 confirmed and 90 suspected VL cases, 7 confirmed and 8 suspected CL cases, 2 confirmed PKDL cases and 50 healthy endemic controls from Gedarif state and Khartoum state in Sudan. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The OligoC-TesT as well as the NASBA-OC showed a sensitivity of 96.8% (95% CI: 83.8%-99.4%) on lymph node aspirates and of 96.2% (95% CI: 89.4%-98.7%) on blood from the confirmed VL cases. The sensitivity on bone marrow was 96.9% (95% CI: 89.3%-99.1%) and 95.3% (95% CI: 87.1%-98.4%) for the OligoC-TesT and NASBA-OC, respectively. All confirmed CL and PKDL cases were positive with both tests. On the suspected VL cases, we observed a positive OligoC-TesT and NASBA-OC result in 37.1% (95% CI: 23.2%-53.7%) and 34.3% (95% CI: 20.8%-50.9%) on lymph, in 72.7% (95% CI: 55.8%-84.9%) and 63.6% (95% CI: 46.6%-77.8%) on bone marrow and in 76.9% (95% CI: 49.7%-91.8%) and 69.2% (95% CI: 42.4%-87.3%) on blood. Seven out of 8 CL suspected cases were positive with both tests. The specificity on the healthy endemic controls was 90% (95% CI: 78.6%-95.7%) for the OligoC-TesT and 100% (95% CI: 92.9%-100.0%) for the NASBA-OC test. CONCLUSIONS: Both tests showed high sensitivity on lymph, blood and tissue scrapings for diagnosis of VL, CL and PKDL in Sudan, but the specificity for clinical VL was significantly higher with NASBA-OC
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
    Volume4
    Issue number8
    Pages (from-to)e776
    Number of pages5
    ISSN1935-2727
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Protozoal diseases
    • Leishmaniasis
    • Visceral
    • Cutaneous
    • Kala azar
    • Leishmania
    • Diagnostics
    • Rapid diagnostic tests
    • Comparison
    • Accuracy
    • Sensitivity
    • Specificity
    • Oligochromatography
    • NASBA
    • Lymph nodes
    • Bone marrow
    • Blood
    • Sudan
    • Africa-East

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