Grammomys surdaster, the natural host for Plasmodium berghei parasites, as a model to study whole-organism vaccines against malaria

Solomon Conteh, Charles Anderson, Lynn Lambert, Sachy Orr-Gonzalez, Jessica Herrod, Yvette L Robbins, Dariyen Carter, Stomy Bin Shamamba Karhemere, Pati Pyana, Philippe Büscher, Patrick E Duffy

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    Inbred mice are commonly used to test candidate malaria vaccines, but have been unreliable for predicting efficacy in humans. To establish a more rigorous animal model, we acquired African woodland thicket rats of the genus Grammomys, the natural hosts for Plasmodium berghei Thicket rats were acquired and identified as Grammomys surdaster by skull and teeth measurements and mitochondrial DNA genotyping. Herein, we demonstrate that thicket rats are highly susceptible to infection by P berghei, and moderately susceptible to Plasmodium yoelii and Plasmodium chabaudi: 1-2 infected mosquito bites or 25-100 sporozoites administered by intravenous injection consistently resulted in patent parasitemia with P. berghei, and resulted in patent parasitemia with P. yoelii and P. chabaudi strains for at least 50% of animals. We then assessed efficacy of whole-organism vaccines to induce sterile immunity, and compared the thicket rat model to conventional mouse models. Using P. berghei ANKA radiation-attenuated sporozoites, and P. berghei ANKA and P. yoelii chemoprophylaxis vaccination approaches, we found that standard doses of vaccine sufficient to protect laboratory mice for long duration against malaria challenge, are insufficient to protect thicket rats, which require higher doses of vaccine to achieve even short-term sterile immunity. Thicket rats may offer a more stringent and pertinent model for evaluating whole-organism vaccines.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
    Volume96
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)835-841
    Number of pages7
    ISSN0002-9637
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • THAMNOMYS-SURDASTER
    • FALCIPARUM SPOROZOITES
    • TREE-RAT
    • IMMUNIZATION
    • PROTECTION
    • PHYLOGENY
    • INFECTION
    • RADIATION
    • SUSCEPTIBILITY
    • VIRULENCE

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