Taenia solium in Europe: still endemic?

Brecht Devleesschauwer, Alberto Allepuz, Veronique Dermauw, Maria V Johansen, Minerva Laranjo-González, G Suzanne A Smit, Smaragda Sotiraki, Chiara Trevisan, Nicola A Wardrop, Pierre Dorny, Sarah Gabriël

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

The pork tapeworm Taenia solium causes an important economic and health burden, mainly in rural or marginalized communities of sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin-America. Although improved pig rearing conditions seem to have eliminated the parasite in most Western European countries, little is known about the true endemicity status of T. solium throughout Europe. Three recent reviews indicate that autochthonous human T. solium taeniosis/cysticercosis may be possible in Europe, but that current peer-reviewed literature is biased towards Western Europe. Officially reported data on porcine cysticercosis are highly insufficient. Favourable conditions for local T. solium transmission still exist in eastern parts of Europe, although the ongoing integration of the European Union is speeding up modernisation and intensification of the pig sector. Further evidence is urgently needed to fill the gaps on the European T. solium endemicity map. We urge to make human cysticercosis notifiable and to improve the reporting of porcine cysticercosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Tropica
Volume165
Pages (from-to)96-99
ISSN0001-706X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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