Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: eastern Europe

Chiara Trevisan, Smaragda Sotiraki, Minerva Laranjo-González, Veronique Dermauw, Ziqi Wang, Age Kärssin, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Andrea S Winkler, Annette Abraham, Branko Bobić, Brian Lassen, Carmen Michaela Cretu, Cozma Vasile, Dimitris Arvanitis, Gunita Deksne, Ilievski Boro, István Kucsera, Jacek Karamon, Jovana Stefanovska, Břetislav KoudelaMaja Jurhar Pavlova, Marian Varady, Marina Pavlak, Mindaugas Šarkūnas, Miriam Kaminski, Olgica Djurković-Djaković, Pikka Jokelainen, Dagny Stojčević Jan, Veronika Schmidt, Zorica Dakić, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, Jasmin Omeragić, Davor Alagić, Brecht Devleesschauwer

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    BACKGROUND: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are food-borne parasites of global importance. In eastern Europe only fragmented information is available on the epidemiology of these zoonotic parasites in humans and animal populations. In particular for T. solium, on-going transmission is suspected. The aim of this systematic review was to collect the available data and describe the current knowledge on the epidemiology of T. solium and T. saginata in eastern Europe.

    METHODS: Literature published in international databases from 1990 to 2017 was systematically reviewed. Furthermore, local sources and unpublished data from national databases were retrieved from local eastern European experts. The study area included 22 countries.

    RESULTS: Researchers from 18 out of the 22 countries provided data from local and unpublished sources, while no contacts could be established with researchers from Belarus, Kosovo, Malta and Ukraine. Taeniosis and human cysticercosis cases were reported in 14 and 15 out of the 22 countries, respectively. Estonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, and Slovakia reported cases of porcine cysticercosis. Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, and Ukraine reported bovine cysticercosis.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is indication that taeniosis and cysticercosis are present across eastern Europe but information on the occurrence of T. solium and T. saginata across the region remains incomplete. Available data are scarce and species identification is in most cases absent. Given the public health impact of T. solium and the potential economic and trade implications due to T. saginata, notification of taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be implemented and surveillance and notification systems in animals should be improved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number569
    JournalParasites and Vectors
    Issue number1
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • Animals
    • Cattle
    • Cattle Diseases/epidemiology
    • Cysticercosis/epidemiology
    • Europe, Eastern/epidemiology
    • Humans
    • Neurocysticercosis/epidemiology
    • Prevalence
    • Public Health
    • Swine/parasitology
    • Swine Diseases/epidemiology
    • Taenia saginata/physiology
    • Taenia solium/physiology
    • Taeniasis/epidemiology


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