Essai de dépistage précoce de la cryptococcose pulmonaire par mise en culture d'expectorations

P Mukamurangwa, J Bogaerts, H Taelman, J Batungwanayo, A Kagame, P Van De Perre, D Swinne

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    Cryptococcosis is a serious opportunistic infection occurring in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. As the number of infected patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Central Africa and especially in Rwanda increases, the prevalence of cryptococcosis can also be expected to rise. An earlier diagnosis and treatment will improve the prognosis of cryptococcosis. As it is widely accepted that the lungs are the portal of entry for the yeast, 270 sputum samples coming from 230 patients attending the Centre Hospitalier de Kigali (CHK)--Rwanda for lung diseases, were investigated. Cr. neoformans var neoformans was cultured from 8 samples coming from 5 out of 230 patients. A retrospective review showed that 4 out of 5 patients were infected with HIV, a predisposing factor for cryptococcosis
    Original languageFrench
    JournalBulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
    Pages (from-to)41-44
    Publication statusPublished - 1994


    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Mycoses
    • Cryptococcosis
    • Pulmonary
    • Laboratory diagnosis
    • Sputum
    • Cryptococcus neoformans
    • Rwanda
    • Kigali
    • Africa-Central

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