Facilitators and barriers to status disclosure and partner testing of women living with HIV in Indonesia: a mixed methods study

Annisa Rahmalia, Rudi Wisaksana, Marie Laga, Reinout van Crevel, Koen Peeters Grietens

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review

Abstract

This mixed-methods study investigated HIV status disclosure and partner testing of women living with HIV (WLWH) in a concentrated epidemic setting in Bandung, Indonesia. The qualitative exploratory strand used theoretical sampling to carry out semi-structured interviews with 47 HIV-infected women with varying anti-retroviral therapy status. The quantitative strand included 122 female patients receiving HIV care at a referral clinic. HIV diagnosis made women reassess their sexual partnerships. Some lost their partner due to death or divorce. Women with a longstanding HIV infection often formed new partnerships. They disclosed their status to new partners without assistance from health providers; the type and stability of the partnership influenced decision to disclose. Fear of rejection prevented initial disclosure prior to bringing the new partners to a health provider. Disclosure did not always result in partner testing because of low risk-awareness or denial of the partner. Despite a similar proportion of status disclosure to partner (92.8%), only 53.7% of new partners of WLWH were tested in contrast to 89.7% of partners tested among WLWH who stayed with the same partner. In antenatal care, where same-day testing was often done for pregnant couples, more partners were tested. Overall, consistent condom use was low and HIV status forced WLWH who continued sex work to work at settings where condom use was not enforced. WLWH face barriers to HIV status disclosure and partner testing and would benefit from partnership counselling. Guidelines for partner notification and testing should include specific strategies for women with longstanding HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2028971
JournalSexual and Reproductive Health Matters
Volume30
Issue number1
Number of pages15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • HIV status disclosure
  • HIV partner testing
  • partner notification
  • long-term HIV
  • women living with HIV
  • HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS
  • OPTION B PLUS
  • SEXUAL PARTNERS
  • VIRAL LOAD
  • SERVICES
  • TRANSMISSION
  • NOTIFICATION
  • PEOPLE
  • ROLES
  • RISK

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