First record of the West Nile virus bridge vector Culex modestus Ficalbi (Diptera Culicidae) in Belgium, validated by DNA barcoding

Katrien de Wolf, Ann Vanderheyden, Isra Deblauwe, Nathalie Smitz, Sophie Gombeer, Adwine Vanslembrouck, Kenny Meganck, Wouter Dekoninck, Marc de Meyer, Thierry Backeljau, Ruth Müller, Wim Van Bortel

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

A thorough knowledge of the presence and spatio-temporal distribution patterns of vector species are pivotal to assess the risk of mosquito-borne diseases in Europe. In 2018, a Culex larva was collected during routine monitoring activities to intercept exotic Aedes mosquito species in the port of Antwerp (Kallo, Belgium). The larva, collected from a pond in mid-September, was morphologically identified as Culex modestus, and this identification was subsequently confirmed by COI barcoding. It is the first confirmed record of this West Nile virus bridge vector in Belgium. The present study also demonstrates the value of DNA-based identification techniques to validate the presence of potential vector species.

Original languageEnglish
JournalZootaxa
Volume4920
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
ISSN1175-5326
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • biodiversity
  • DNA-based identification
  • larva
  • monitoring
  • mosquito
  • new record
  • MOSQUITOS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • SPREAD
  • EUROPE

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