Fluoroquinolone resistance in Salmonella insights by whole-genome sequencing

Wim L Cuypers, Jan Jacobs, Vanessa Wong, Elizabeth J Klemm, Stijn Deborggraeve, Sandra Van Puyvelde

Research output: Contribution to journalA2: International peer reviewed article (not A1-type)

Abstract

Fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Salmonella spp. were listed by the WHO in 2017 as priority pathogens for which new antibiotics were urgently needed. The overall global burden of Salmonella infections is high, but differs per region. Whereas typhoid fever is most prevalent in South and South-East Asia, non-typhoidal salmonellosis is prevalent across the globe and associated with a mild gastroenteritis. By contrast, invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella cause bloodstream infections associated with high mortality, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Most Salmonella strains from clinical sources are resistant to first-line antibiotics, with FQs now being the antibiotic of choice for treatment of invasive Salmonella infections. However, FQ resistance is increasingly being reported in Salmonella, and multiple molecular mechanisms are already described. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is becoming more frequently used to analyse bacterial genomes for antibiotic-resistance markers, and to understand the phylogeny of bacteria in relation to their antibiotic-resistance profiles. This mini-review provides an overview of FQ resistance in Salmonella, guided by WGS studies that demonstrate that WGS is a valuable tool for global surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195
JournalMicrobial Genomics
Volume4
Issue number7
Number of pages11
ISSN2057-5858
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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