Foci report on indigenous Dermacentor reticulatus populations in Belgium and a preliminary study of associated babesiosis pathogens

C. Cochez, L. Lempereur, M. Madder, E. Claerebout, L. Simons, N. De Wilde, A. Linden, C. Saegerman, P. Heyman, B. Losson

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    The occurrence of autochthonous clinical cases of canine and equine babesiosis in Belgium during the last two decades suggests that the vector of the pathogens responsible for these diseases, Dermacentor reticulatus (Ixodida: Ixodidae), may be present in this country. Consequently, evidence for the presence of this tick species in different locations within Belgium was investigated. Four different locations were monitored by flagging in 2010; these included the locations at which D. reticulatus was previously found on a dog in 2009 and on two red deer in 2007. Two different species of tick were identified, Ixodes ricinus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) and D. reticulatus. A total of 282 D. reticulatus adult ticks (98 males, 184 females) were collected from the four sites. Ticks were found mainly from early March until the end of May and a peak in activity was apparent in March. A Babesia spp. (Piroplasmida: Babesiidae) genus-specific polymerase chain reaction test based on the amplification of a fragment of the 18S rRNA gene was used to investigate the potential presence of Babesia spp. All DNA extracts isolated from the total tick samples yielded negative results. Additional studies to accurately determine the distribution and vectorial capacity of this important tick species in Belgium are warranted.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
    Volume26
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)355-358
    Number of pages4
    ISSN0269-283X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • Animal diseases
    • Protozoal diseases
    • Babesiosis
    • Babesia
    • Vectors
    • Ticks
    • Dermacentor reticulatus
    • Ixodes ricinus
    • Dogs
    • Horses
    • Case reports
    • Foci
    • Geographical distribution
    • Monitoring
    • Specimen collection
    • Identification
    • Polymerase chain reaction
    • PCR
    • Belgium
    • Europe-West

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