Food insecurity, food based coping strategies and suboptimal dietary practices of adolescents in Jimma zone southwest Ethiopia

T. Belachew, D. Lindstrom, A. Gebremariam, D. Hogan, C. Lachat, L. Huybregts, P. Kolsteren

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    Abstract

    Despite the high prevalence of adolescent food insecurity in Ethiopia, there is no study which documented its association with suboptimal dietary practices. The objective of this study is to determine the association between adolescent food insecurity and dietary practices. We used data on 2084 adolescents in the age group of 13-17 years involved in the first round survey of the five year longitudinal family study in Southwest Ethiopia. Adolescents were selected using residence stratified random sampling methods. Food insecurity was measured using scales validated in developing countries. Dietary practices were measured using dietary diversity score, food variety score and frequency of consuming animal source food. Multivariable regression models were used to compare dietary behaviors by food security status after controlling for socio-demographic and economic covariates. Food insecure adolescents had low dietary diversity score (P
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume8
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)e57643
    ISSN1932-6203
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • Nutrition status
    • Food insecurity
    • Food supply
    • Diet
    • Food habits
    • Adolescents
    • Meat
    • Food consumption
    • Socioeconomic status
    • Ethiopia
    • Africa-East

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