Setting: Data were collected from patients starting one of the shorter treatment regimens (STRs) for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Bangladesh, Niger or Cameroon.
Objective: To estimate the effect of either a gatifloxacin (GFX), moxifloxacin (MFX) or levofloxacin (LVX) based STR on bacteriological effectiveness.
Design: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data.
Results: Among 1530 patients, bacteriological effectiveness was 96.7% overall. Stratified by treatment with a GFX-, LVX- or MFX-based regimen effectiveness was respectively 97.5%, 95.5% and 94.7%. Compared to those on a GFX-based regimen, the estimated summary odds ratio of having an adverse outcome was more than double (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.09-3.90) in patients treated with either an LVX-based or MFX-based regimen. After adjusting for initial resistance, patients treated with an LVX-based regimen and MFX-based regimen had respectively a 4.5- and 8.4-fold times larger odds of an adverse bacteriological outcome. None among 859 patients at risk treated with a GFX-based compared to at least 4 of 228 among those on an MFX-based regimen acquired fluoroquinolone resistance.
Conclusion: GFX-based regimens had superior bacteriological effectiveness than MFX-based or LVX-based regimens. As GFX is currently unavailable in most MDR-TB programs, its reintroduction should be prioritised.
|Journal||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- core drug
- bacteriological effectiveness
- TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT