Global Evidence on Assuring Quality of Medicines

Huma Rasheed, Rabia Khokhar, Raffaella Ravinetto, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingContribution to book/anthologypeer-review


Quality of medicine is a major challenge, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The factors contributing include weak regulatory capacity, the capacity of the pharmaceutical industry, supply chain issues, and technical manpower. This chapter presents the global research evidence related to the quality of medicines. This is presented in the form of reviews and research studies published on the topic. The chapter illustrates the global scenario regarding substandard and falsified medicines. The approaches to medicines testing are also discussed including field testing, visual inspection as well as the role of information technology. Consumer education about substandard and falsified medicines is also being discussed. The chapter concludes that the quality of medicines and other health products is a key healthcare concern, and it needs to be dealt with through a multistakeholder engagement process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Evidence in Pharmaceutical Public Health and Health Services Research in Pharmacy
Number of pages15
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
Publication date2023
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-50247-8
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-50247-8
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • B740-pharmacy
  • B680-public-health


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