Global health security and universal health coverage: understanding convergences and divergences for a synergistic response

Yibeltal Assefa, Peter S. Hill, Charles F. Gilks, Wim Van Damme, Remco van de Pas, Solomon Woldeyohannes, Simon Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Background

Global health security (GHS) and universal health coverage (UHC) are key global health agendas which aspire for a healthier and safer world. However, there are tensions between GHS and UHC strategy and implementation. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between GHS and UHC using two recent quantitative indices.

Methods

We conducted a macro-analysis to determine the presence of relationship between GHS index (GHSI) and UHC index (UHCI). We calculated Pearson's correlation coefficient and the coefficient of determination. Analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics Version 25 with a 95% level of confidence.

Findings

There is a moderate and significant relationship between GHSI and UHCI (r = 0.662, p0.05). The risk of GHS threats a significant and negative correlation with the capacity for GHS (r = -0.604, p

Conclusion

The aspiration for GHS will not be realized without UHC; hence, the tension between these two global health agendas should be transformed into a synergistic solution. We argue that strengthening the health systems, in tandem with the principles of primary health care, and implementing a "One Health" approach will progressively enable countries to achieve both UHC and GHS towards a healthier and safer world that everyone aspires to live in.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0244555
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number12
Number of pages16
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • DEMONSTRATION PROJECT
  • SURVEILLANCE
  • REGULATIONS
  • CAPACITY
  • LESSONS
  • SYSTEMS
  • WORLD
  • EBOLA
  • CARE

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