Gonorrhoea treatment combined with population-level general cephalosporin and quinolone consumption may select for Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial resistance at the levels of NG-MAST genogroup: an ecological study in Europe

Chris Kenyon, Jolein Laumen, Christophe Van Dijck, Irith De Baetselier, Saïd Abdelatti, Sheeba S Manoharan-Basil, Magnus Unemo

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae NG-MAST genogroup G1407, associated with decreased susceptibility to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and fluoroquinolone resistance, has declined in Europe and it switched from circulating predominantly in men who have sex with men (MSM) in 2009-2010 to heterosexuals in 2013. We hypothesise that changes to gonorrhoea treatment guidelines combined with differences in country-level consumption of cephalosporins and quinolones contributed to this shift.

METHODS: Linear regression was used to evaluate the association between changes in prevalence of G1407 between 2009-2010 and 2013 and country-level consumption of quinolones and cephalosporins in 2011/12 in 20 European countries.

RESULTS: Whilst the prevalence of G1407 declined between 2009-2010 and 2013 in the EU/EEA, its absolute prevalence increased by 10% or more in three countries. The national prevalence of G1407 in 2013 was positively associated with population-level general cephalosporin and quinolone consumption in the preceding 2 years. The association between the prevalence of G1407 and proportion of the national sample derived from MSM was non-significant in 2009-2010 and was negative in 2013.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results are broadly compatible with the hypothesis that changes in gonorrhoea therapy to the more efficacious ceftriaxone (plus azithromycin) from 2010 to 2011 onwards resulted in a reduced prevalence of the resistance-associated G1407 overall but in MSM in particular. High population-level consumption of quinolones and cephalosporins in certain countries then contributed to the selection of G1407 predominantly in heterosexuals in these countries.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Volume23
Pages (from-to)377-384
Number of pages8
ISSN2213-7165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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