HIV prevalence by ethnic group covaries with prevalence of herpes simplex virus-2 and high-risk sex in Uganda: an ecological study

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Background

HIV prevalence varies from 1.7% to 14.8% between ethnic groups in Uganda. Understanding the factors responsible for this heterogeneity in HIV spread may guide prevention efforts.

Methods

We evaluated the relationship between HIV prevalence by ethnic group and a range of risk factors as well as the prevalence of herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), syphilis and symptomatic STIs in the 2004/2005 Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey a two stage, nationally representative, population based survey of 15-59-year-olds. Spearman's correlation was used to assess the relationship between HIV prevalence and each variable.

Results

There was a positive association between HIV prevalence and HSV-2, symptomatic STIs and high-risk sex (sex with a non-cohabiting, non-marital partner) for women. Non-significant positive associations were present between HIV and high-risk sex for men and lifetime number of partners for men and women.

Conclusion

Variation in sexual behavior may contribute to the variations in HIV, HSV-2 and other STI prevalence by ethnic group in Uganda. Further work is necessary to delineate which combinations of risk factors determine differential STI spread in Uganda.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0195431
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number4
Number of pages13
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
  • UNITED-STATES
  • PARTNER-CONCURRENCY
  • AIDS MORTALITY
  • SOUTH-AFRICA
  • INFECTION
  • BEHAVIOR
  • TYPE-2
  • ASSOCIATION
  • SEROPREVALENCE

Cite this