Human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) among female prostitutes in Kinshasa, Zaire

SZ Wiktor, P Piot, JM Mann, N Nzilambi, H Francis, G Vercauteren, WA Blattner, TC Quinn

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    Three hundred seventy-seven prostitutes from Kinshasa, Zaire, were enrolled in a study to determine associated risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) infection. Twelve samples (3.2%) were seropositive for HTLV-I; results for HIV-1 (101 [26.8%]) are reported elsewhere. HTLV-I prevalence increased with age, and seven of the seropositive women originated from the Equateur region, a remote area in northwestern Zaire. The prevalence among women from Equateur (7.2%) was higher than that of women from all other regions (1.8%, P =. 02). Presence of HTLV-I antibodies was not associated with frequency or type of sex practice. In a subsequent study, 350 serum samples were obtained from a variety of subjects in the Equateur region in 1986. Nineteen (5.4%) showed antibodies to HTLV-I. These data and a recent report of a cluster of patients with tropical spastic paraparesis from this region suggest that HTLV-I is endemic in the Equateur region of Zaire
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
    Volume161
    Pages (from-to)1073-1077
    ISSN0022-1899
    Publication statusPublished - 1990

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Viral diseases
    • HTLV-1
    • Prostitutes
    • Tropical spastic paraparesis
    • HIV-1
    • Prevalence
    • Congo-Kinshasa
    • Africa-Central

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