"I got what I came for": a qualitative exploration into family planning client satisfaction in Dosso region, Niger

Lisa M. Calhoun, Amelia Maytan-Joneydi, Abdoul Moumouni Nouhou, Lenka Benova, Thomas van den Akker, Balki Ibrahim Agali, Ilene S. Speizer

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Client satisfaction is recognized as an important construct for evaluating health service provision, yet the field of family planning (FP) lacks a standard approach to its measurement. Further, little is known about satisfaction with FP services in Niger, the site of this study. This study aims to understand what features of FP visits were satisfactory or dissatisfactory from a woman's perspective and reflect on the conceptualization and measurement of satisfaction with FP services.Methods: Between February and March 2020, 2720 FP clients (ages 15-49) were interviewed across 45 public health centers in Dosso region, Niger using a structured survey tool. The focus of this paper is on a random sub-sample of 100 clients who were additionally asked four open-ended questions regarding what they liked and disliked about their FP visit. Responses were audiorecorded, translated into French, transcribed, translated into English, coded, and analyzed thematically.Results: FP clients described nine key visit attributes related to their satisfaction with the visit: treatment by the provider, content of the counseling, wait time, FP commodity availability, privacy, cleanliness/infrastructure, visit processes and procedures, cost, and opening hours. The reason for FP visit (start, continue, or change method) was an important driver of the dimensions which contributed to satisfaction. Pre-formed expectations about the visit played a critical role in shaping satisfaction, particularly if the client's pre-visit expectations (or negative expectations) were met or not and if she obtained what she came for.Conclusion: This study makes a significant contribution by identifying visit attributes that are important to FP clients in Dosso region, Niger, and highlights that satisfaction with FP services is shaped by more than just what occurs on the day of service. We propose a conceptual framework to understand satisfaction with FP services that can be used for future FP programming in Niger.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOpen Access Journal of Contraception
Volume13
Pages (from-to)95-110
Number of pages16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • client satisfaction
  • family planning
  • contraception
  • Niger
  • PATIENT SATISFACTION
  • HEALTH-CARE
  • SERVICE QUALITY
  • UNMET NEED
  • DETERMINANTS
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • TANZANIA

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