Immunodiagnostic usefulness of monoclonal antibodies specific to conformational epitopes of Taenia solium oncosphere protein TSOL18

Emmanuel Assana, Andre Pagnah Zoli, Charles G. Gauci, Marshall W. Lightowlers, Pierre Dorny

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    Abstract

    Taenia solium oncosphere protein TSOL18 is the host-protective antigen against porcine cysticercosis. Little attention has been given to use it as target molecule in immunodiagnostic tests. The objective of this paper is to describe the immunodiagnostic potential of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) raised against conformational epitopes of TSOL18. Three murine IgG1 MoAbs (25D12C1, 21C2D2, 10H1F2) against three different conformational epitopes of TSOL18 were produced and evaluated with an inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA) for the detection of anti-TSOL18 and anti-oncosphere antibodies. Serum samples from pigs immunized with TSOL18 inhibited the binding of the three MoAbs to TSOL18 antigen in i-ELISA. The highest inhibition of anti-TSOL18 antibodies in immunized pigs was observed with MoAb 25D12C1. Ten field sera (12.19%) from 82 non-vaccinated and non-infected pigs showed anti-oncosphere antibodies inhibiting the binding of MoAb 25D12C1. Anti-oncosphere antibodies in pigs experimentally infected with T. solium eggs inhibited the binding of MoAb 25D12C1 from 2 to 8 week-post infection. It is concluded that MoAb 25D12C1 has excellent immunodiagnostic potentials to detect anti-oncosphere antibodies in the intermediate hosts at early exposure to T. solium eggs. Further investigations on potential use of MoAb 25D12C1 in a capture antigen ELISA for the detection of post-oncospheral antigens in infected pigs cannot be overemphasized.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number113121
    JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
    Volume497
    Number of pages5
    ISSN0022-1759
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Antibodies, Helminth/blood
    • Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology
    • Antibody Specificity
    • Antigens, Helminth/immunology
    • Biomarkers/blood
    • Disease Models, Animal
    • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
    • Epitopes
    • Immunoglobulin G/immunology
    • Predictive Value of Tests
    • Sus scrofa
    • Taenia solium/immunology
    • Taeniasis/diagnosis

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