Mycoplasma genitalium and antimicrobial resistance among a cohort of West African men who have sex with men using preexposure prophylaxis (CohMSM-PrEP ANRS 12369-Expertise France Study)

CohMSM-PrEP Study Group

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BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance to macrolides and fluoroquinolones in Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is worryingly high in high-resource countries. Data in Africa are lacking. We aimed to assess the burden of MG including the presence of resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) in MG among MSM using human immunodeficiency virus preexposure prophylaxis in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Togo.

METHODS: MSM were included in a prospective cohort study (2017-2021). Molecular detection of MG in urine, anorectal, and pharyngeal samples was performed at baseline and after 6 and 12 months. Detection of RAMs to macrolides and fluoroquinolones was performed by sequencing the 23S ribosomal RNA, parC, and gyrA genes. A sample was found to be possibly resistant to fluoroquinolones if alterations were found in ParC position 83/87.

RESULTS: Of 598 participants, 173 (28.9%) were positive at least once for MG and global point-prevalence was 19.4%. Interestingly, 238 of 250 (95.2%) infections were asymptomatic and 72 of 138 MG infections with follow-up data (52.2%) cleared during the study. Only 1 macrolide RAM was found (0.6%). Prevalence of fluoroquinolones RAMs was 11.3% overall, ranging from 2.4% in Burkina Faso to 17.5% in Mali.

CONCLUSIONS: Although MG was highly prevalent in these MSM, macrolide resistance was almost nonexistent. Nevertheless, >10% of the samples were possibly resistant to fluoroquinolones. Heterogeneity in the prevalence of fluoroquinolone RAMs between countries may be explained by different antimicrobial consumption in humans and animals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberofac615
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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