Indications sérologiques de l'existence d'un réservoir sauvage du Trypanosoma brucei gambiense dans la réserve de la biosphère de la Pendjari en République du Bénin

B Guedegbe, A Verhulst, N Van Meirvenne, VS Pandey, A Doko

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Abstract

'Serological evidence of the existence of a wild reservoir of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in the Pendjari biosphere reservation in the Republic of Benin': In the national park of Pendjari, situated in the North-West of Benin, 91 wild animals, belonging to seven species, were darted. Thick and thin blood smears were examined for trypanosomes and plasma for trypanolytic antibodies against 6 antigenic variants of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Parasites were found in 13.92% and trypanolytic antibodies in 20.88% of the samples. A total of 28.57% of animals were positive by at least one of the two test systems used. Morphologically Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax and T. brucei were identified. Overall prevalence was 40% in Adenota kob (n: 50), 13.63% in Alcelaphus buselaphus (n: 22), 10% in Hippotragus equinus (n: 10), 33% in Kobus defassa (n: 3), 0% in Phacochoerus aethiopicus (n: 3) and in Syncerus caffer (n: 2). The only lion (Panthera leo) examined was serologically positive. The results indicate that the wild animals are reservoirs of animal trypanosomes and suggest that among them Adenota kob and Panthera leo are carriers of T. brucei gambiense, one of the etiological aspects of human trypanosomiasis
Original languageFrench
JournalAnnales de la Société Belge de Médecine Tropicale
Volume72
Pages (from-to)113-120
ISSN0365-6527
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • B780-tropical-medicine
  • Protozoology
  • Trypanosoma brucei gambiense
  • Serology
  • Reservoirs
  • Wildlife
  • Benin
  • Africa-West

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