Influence of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak on the vaccination of children in a rural district of Guinea

B S Camara, A M Delamou, E Diro, A El Ayadi, A H Béavogui, S Sidibé, F M Grovogui, K C Takarinda, D Kolié, S D Sandouno, J Okumura, M D Baldé, J Van Griensven, R Zachariah

Research output: Contribution to journalA2: International peer reviewed article (not A1-type)

Abstract

Setting: All health centres in Macenta District, rural Guinea. Objective: To compare stock-outs of vaccines, vaccine stock cards and the administration of various childhood vaccines across the pre-Ebola, Ebola and post-Ebola virus disease periods. Design: This was an ecological study. Results: Similar levels of stock-outs were observed for all vaccines (bacille Calmette-Guérin [BCG], pentavalent, polio, measles, yellow fever) in the pre-Ebola and Ebola periods (respectively 2760 and 2706 facility days of stock-outs), with some variation by vaccine. Post-Ebola, there was a 65-fold reduction in stock-outs compared to pre-Ebola. Overall, 24 facility-months of vaccine stock card stock-outs were observed during the pre-Ebola period, which increased to 65 facility-months of stock-outs during the Ebola outbreak period; no such stock-out occurred in the post-Ebola period. Apart from yellow fever and measles, vaccine administration declined universally during the peak outbreak period (August-November 2014). Complete cessation of vaccine administration for BCG and a prominent low for polio (86% decrease) were observed in April 2014, corresponding to vaccine stock-outs. Post-Ebola, overall vaccine administration did not recover to pre-Ebola levels, with the highest gaps seen in polio and pentavalent vaccines, which had shortages of respectively 40% and 38%. Conclusion: These findings highlight the need to sustain vaccination activities in Guinea so that they remain resilient and responsive, irrespective of disease outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Action
Volume7
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
ISSN2220-8372
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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