Influenza-associated excess mortality in southern Brazil, 1980-2008

F T M Freitas, L R O Souza, E Azziz-Baumgartner, P Y Cheng, H Zhou, M A Widdowson, D K Shay, W K Oliveira, W N Araujo

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

In order to estimate influenza-associated excess mortality in southern Brazil, we applied Serfling regression models to monthly mortality data from 1980 to 2008 for pneumonia/influenza- and respiratory/circulatory-coded deaths for all ages and for those aged ≥60 years. According to viral data, 73∙5% of influenza viruses were detected between April and August in southern Brazil. There was no clear influenza season for northern Brazil. In southern Brazil, influenza-associated excess mortality was 1∙4/100,000 for all ages and 9∙2/100,000 person-years for persons aged ≥60 years using underlying pneumonia/influenza-coded deaths and 10∙0/100,000 for all ages and 86∙6/100,000 person-years for persons aged ≥60 years using underlying respiratory/circulatory-coded deaths. Influenza-associated excess mortality rates for southern Brazil are similar to those published for other countries. Our data support the need for continued influenza surveillance to guide vaccination campaigns to age groups most affected by this virus in Brazil.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume141
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1731-1740
Number of pages10
ISSN0950-2688
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Brazil/epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Epidemics
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Influenza, Human/complications
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Pneumonia/complications
  • Regression Analysis
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases/complications
  • Young Adult

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