Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis phage type 4b outbreak associated with bean sprouts

Yvonne T H P van Duynhoven, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Carolien M de Jager, Teresa Fernandes, Sabine Neppelenbroek, Winette van den Brandhof, Wim J B Wannet, Jan A van Kooij, Henk J M Rietveld, Wilfrid van Pelt

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article


In November 2000 in the Netherlands, an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis phage type 4b was investigated. Eating bean sprouts was the only exposure associated with S. Enteritidis pt 4b infection (matched odds ratio 13.0, 95% confidence interval 2.0-552.5). Contaminated seeds were the most likely cause of contamination of the sprouts. The sprout grower applied a concentration of hypochlorite solution that was too low for seed disinfection.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)440-443
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Fabaceae/microbiology
  • Female
  • Food Microbiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands/epidemiology
  • Odds Ratio
  • Plant Shoots/microbiology
  • Salmonella Infections/epidemiology
  • Salmonella enterica/isolation & purification


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