Lessons learned from 10 years of preschool intervention for health promotion: JACC state-of-the-art review

Gloria Santos-Beneit, Rodrigo Fernández-Jiménez, Amaya de Cos-Gandoy, Carla Rodríguez, Vanesa Carral, Patricia Bodega, Mercedes de Miguel, Xavier Orrit, Domenec Haro, José L Peñalvo, Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Carles Peyra, Jaime A Céspedes, Alexandra Turco, Marilyn Hunn, Risa Jaslow, Jorge Baxter, Isabel Carvajal, Valentin Fuster

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review

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    Abstract

    Implementing a health promotion program for children is a complex endeavor. In this review, we outline the key lessons learned over 10 years of experience in implementing the SI! Program (Salud Integral-Comprehensive Health) for cardiovascular health promotion in preschool settings in 3 countries: Colombia (Bogotá), Spain (Madrid), and the United States (Harlem, New York). By matching rigorous efficacy studies with implementation science, we can help bridge the divide between science and educational practice. Achieving sustained lifestyle changes in preschool children through health promotion programs is likely to require the integration of several factors: 1) multidisciplinary teams; 2) multidimensional educational programs; 3) multilevel interventions; 4) local program coordination and community engagement; and 5) scientific evaluation through randomized controlled trials. Implementation of effective health promotion interventions early in life may induce long-lasting healthy behaviors that could help to curb the cardiovascular disease epidemic.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
    Volume79
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)283-298
    Number of pages16
    ISSN0735-1097
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2022

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