BACKGROUND: HIV-1 infected cells can establish new infections by crossing the vaginal epithelia and subsequently producing virus in a milieu that avoids the high microbicide concentrations of the vaginal lumen. FINDINGS: To address this problem, here, we report that pretreatment of HIV-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with a 27 amino acid CD4-mimetic, M48U1, causes dramatic and prolonged reduction of infectious virus output, due to its induction of gp120 shedding. CONCLUSIONS: M48U1 may, therefore, be valuable for prophylaxis of mucosal HIV-1 transmission.
- Viral diseases
- Epithelial cells
- Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)
- Amino acids