New foci of Rhipicephalus microplus in West Africa

M Madder, S Adehan, R De Deken, R Adehan, R Lokossou

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    The invasive character of Rhipicephalus microplus was observed in Benin, the second West-African country from which this ticks species has been collected after the initial confirmed record in Ivory Coast in 2007. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Mono to examine the presence of the tick R. microplus. The survey covered 9 herds (villages) in an agro-ecological zone inhabited by agro-pastoralists, including the State Farm of Kpinnou that imported Girolando cattle from Brazil. Almost 800 ticks were sampled from 36 cattle, on average four cattle per village. The morphological identification revealed ticks of two different genera: Rhipicephalus and Amblyomma. Rhipicephalus microplus was the only representative of the species previously known as Boophilus or blue ticks. Its taxonomic identity was confirmed molecularly by PCR-RFLP. A comparison was made with the situation of R. microplus in Brazil.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalExperimental and Applied Acarology
    Volume56
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)385-390
    ISSN0168-8162
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Tick-borne diseases
    • Ticks
    • Rhipicephalus microplus
    • Boophilus microplus
    • Amblyomma
    • Cattle
    • Pastoralism
    • Morphology
    • Molecular diagnostic techniques
    • Identification
    • PCR-RFLP
    • Comparison
    • C“te d'Ivoire
    • Africa-West
    • Brazil
    • America-Latin

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