Norovirus transmission on cruise ship

Elmira T Isakbaeva, Marc-Alain Widdowson, R Suzanne Beard, Sandra N Bulens, James Mullins, Stephan S Monroe, Joseph Bresee, Patricia Sassano, Elaine H Cramer, Roger I Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review


An outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis affected passengers on two consecutive cruises of ship X and continued on 4 subsequent cruises despite a 1-week sanitization. We documented transmission by food and person-to-person contact; persistence of virus despite sanitization onboard, including introductions of new strains; and seeding of an outbreak on land.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)154-158
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • Caliciviridae Infections/epidemiology
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Gastroenteritis/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Norovirus/classification
  • Ships
  • Travel


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