Outbreak of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis among children--Jamaica, 2003

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In late May 2003, the Jamaican Ministry of Health (MoH) identified a sharp increase in the number of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) cases reported throughout the country, accompanied by increases in AGE-associated hospital admissions and deaths among children. The greatest increase in AGE cases was observed among children aged <5 years in the southeastern parish of Kingston and St. Andrew. During June-July, 12 AGE-associated deaths were reported among children aged <8 years. MoH began an investigation to determine the etiology of the outbreak, ascertain risk factors for illness and death, and identify appropriate control measures. This report presents the preliminary results of that investigation, which determined that the AGE cases were associated with rotavirus and deaths might have been reduced by appropriate AGE case management, indicating a need for additional education of caregivers regarding AGE treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Volume52
Issue number45
Pages (from-to)1103-5
Number of pages3
ISSN0149-2195
Publication statusPublished - 14-Nov-2003

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diarrhea, Infantile/mortality
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Fluid Therapy
  • Gastroenteritis/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Jamaica/epidemiology
  • Population Surveillance
  • Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology

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