Particulate matter emissions of less harmful-looking super-slim size cigarettes appealing to women: a laser spectrometric analysis of second-hand smoke

Markus Braun, Amelie Langenstein, Doris Klingelhöfer, Nicole Zulauf, Ruth Müller, David A Groneberg

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Slim tobacco products shall appear by their look less harmful. In 2013, the European Union ministers discussed to ban them. However, only a ban on small package sizes was realized. To add more data for exposure risk assessment of slim tobacco products, the particulate matter (PM) amount in second-hand smoke (SHS) of super-slim size cigarettes compared with a king size brand was investigated. PM amount of four super-slim size cigarette types of the brand Couture was analysed in comparison with the king-size reference cigarette. Therefore, SHS was produced in an enclosed space with a volume of 2.88 m3 by an automatic environmental tobacco smoke emitter. PM size fractions PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 were measured in real time using a laser aerosol spectrometer. SHS of Couture Gold contained about 36% and Couture Purple about 28% more PM than the reference cigarette. In contrast, Couture Green emitted about 37% and Couture Silver about 53% less PM than the reference cigarette. Depending on the brand, the PM2.5 mean concentrations increased up to 1538 μg/m3. This exceeds the 24-h mean concentration of at most 25 μg/m3 according to the WHO Air quality guidelines about 62-fold. Smoking in enclosed rooms leads to a massive increase of PM. The PM pollution by slim-size tobacco products are substantial and sometimes higher than by king size tobacco products. Therefore, SHS exposure from slim-size tobacco products is not less harmful to health. Decision makers should take this aspect in consideration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume27
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1069-1077
Number of pages9
ISSN0944-1344
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis
  • European Union
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Particulate Matter/analysis
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco Products
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution/analysis
  • Tobacco Smoking

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