Performance of FACSPresto point-of-care Instrument for CD4-T cell enumeration in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients attending care and treatment clinics in Belgium and Tanzania

Geraldine Daneau, Said Aboud, Irena Prat, Willy Urassa, Luc Kestens

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    Background CD4 T-cell counts are widely used to assess treatment eligibility and to follow-up HIV-infected patients. The World Health Organization prequalification of in vitro diagnostics program conducted a performance evaluation of the FACSPresto (BD Biosciences), a new point-of-care instrument to measure absolute CD4-T cell (CD4) counts and percentages in venous and capillary blood samples from HIV-infected patients. Methods Patients were recruited in Belgium (200 patients) and in Tanzania (247 patients). Venous blood samples were analyzed in two nearby reference laboratories. In addition, nurses/technicians collected a capillary blood sample by finger prick directly into a FACSPresto CD4 cartridge. Assay precision was assessed on fresh blood and on external quality control samples. Trueness (bias) was assessed by comparing results from FACSPresto with the reference (single-platform FACSCalibur). Clinical misclassification was measured at 200, 350 and 500 cells/mu L thresholds. Results Intra-assay precision was <6%, and inter-assay <8%. CD4 results from FACSPresto and reference method resulted in regression slopes of 0.99-1.11 using either venous or capillary blood. Correlation was better for venous than for capillary blood (minimum 0.97 vs 0.93 respectively). Capillary blood resulted in a larger bias than venous blood, with 24 and 83 cells/mu L for absolute CD4 counts on capillary blood in Antwerp and Dar es Salaam respectively, vs 12 and 41 cells/mu L on venous blood. Bias on CD4% was <1% on both venous and capillary blood, and was proportionally better than for absolute CD4 counts. Clinical

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number0170248
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Issue number1
    Number of pages16
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


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