Pet rodents as possible risk for leptospirosis, Belgium and France, 2009 to 2016

Marcella Mori, Pascale Bourhy, Marine Le Guyader, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Zoree Djelouadji, Alexandra Septfons, Angeli Kodjo, Mathieu Picardeau

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    Leptospirosis is an under-reported and emerging zoonotic disease which is potentially fatal in humans. Rodents are the main reservoirs for pathogenic Leptospira spp., but diagnosis in these animals is difficult, and their infection, which does not induce symptoms, usually goes unoticed. Although the exposures of most human cases of leptospirosis are poorly documented, we were able to identify six human cases of leptospirosis which were associated with direct contact with pet rodents (mice or rats) in Belgium and France between 2009 and 2016. All cases had severe disease and for all, the presence of Leptospira spp. DNA in the kidneys of their pet animals was confirmed, strongly suggesting that excretion of leptospires in urine was the way of transmission. Half of the cases shared the serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, which is usually associated with severe disease, with the pet rats which they were in contact with. With the popularity of rats and mice as pets, this study should contribute to raising awareness on asymptomatic pet rodents as a source of Leptospira infections.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberARTN 16-00792
    JournalEurosurveillance
    Volume22
    Issue number43
    Pages (from-to)9-14
    Number of pages6
    ISSN1560-7917
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • INFECTION
    • RATS
    • GERMANY
    • EUROPE

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