Pig-farming systems and porcine cysticercosis in the north of Cameroon

E Assana, F Amadou, E Thys, MW Lightowlers, AP Zoli, P Dorny, S Geerts

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    A survey was conducted in 150 households owning 1756 pigs in the rural areas of Mayo-Danay division in the north of Cameroon. A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information on the pig-farming system and to identify potential risk factors for Taenia solium cysticercosis infection in pigs. Blood samples were collected from 398 pigs with the aim of estimating the seroprevalence of T. solium cysticercosis. The results showed that 90.7% of the pigs are free roaming during the dry season and that 42.7% of households keeping pigs in the rural areas have no latrine facility. Seventy-six per cent of the interviewed pig owners confirmed that members of the household used open-field defecation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antigen and antibody detection showed an apparent prevalence of cysticercosis of 24.6% and 32.2%, respectively. A Bayesian approach, using the conditional dependence between the two diagnostic tests, indicated that the true seroprevalence of cysticercosis in Mayo-Danay was 26.6%. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that a lack of knowledge of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and the absence of a pig pen in the household were associated with pig cysticercosis
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Helminthology
    Volume84
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)441-446
    Number of pages6
    ISSN0022-149X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Helminthic diseases
    • Animal diseases
    • Taeniasis
    • Neurocysticercosis
    • Taenia solium
    • Cestodes
    • Hosts
    • Pigs
    • Farming systems
    • Animal husbandry
    • Farmers
    • Roaming
    • Sanitation
    • Latrines
    • Hygiene
    • Seroprevalence
    • Detection
    • Ag-ELISA
    • Risk factors
    • Cameroon
    • Africa-Central

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