Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infections in buffalo and cattle calves in three provinces of central Cambodia

Pierre Dorny, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Valérie Stoliaroff, Meas Sothy, Rortana Chea, Bunthon Chea, Hor Sourloing, Sum Samuth, Seth Kong, Koemseang Nguong, San Sorn, Davun Holl, Jozef Vercruysse

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

The prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infection in buffalo and cattle calves was studied in 3 provinces in central Cambodia. Fecal samples were collected from 517 calves between the age of 1-15 weeks and processed for nematode egg counts by a modified McMaster method. A total of 64 calves were found to excrete T. vitulorum eggs in their feces (12.4%; 95% exact CI: 9.7-15.5). The mean fecal egg count was 2,798 EPG (SD=16,351; range=0-224,400). A multivariable generalized linear mixed model showed higher odds of T. vitulorum infection for buffalo versus cattle, for animals aged 4-8 weeks versus younger and older ones, and for animals with strongyle infection. There was no association with fecal consistency. Farmers should be aware of the potential impact of T. vitulorum , and treat their calves at the age of 2-3 weeks with anthelmintics such as benzimidazoles or pyrantel.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume53
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)197-200
Number of pages4
ISSN0023-4001
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Buffaloes
  • Cambodia
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases
  • Prevalence
  • Toxocara
  • Toxocariasis
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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