Promotion of cardiovascular health at three stages of life: never too soon, never too late

Jose M. Castellano, Jose L. Penalvo, Sameer Bansilal, Valentin Fuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, with an especially devastating impact in low-to-medium income countries. Cardiovascular disease has been elevated to this position by a combination of factors that include urbanization and its attendant effects, such as obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, changes in dietary habits, and smoking. Given the enormous extent of the problem and the complexity of its causes, which include cultural, social, political, and health care factors, an equally sophisticated and comprehensive strategy is required to combat cardiovascular disease on a global scale. Because exposure to cardiovascular risk factors occurs from early ages, this strategy must be expanded and adjusted throughout the life of an individual. Thus, our efforts should be concentrated not only on cardiovascular disease treatment and prevention, but also on health promotion and primordial prevention. In this review, we present different strategies yielding encouraging results at the population level, from childhood until old age, that aim to protect against the challenges facing the scientific community when combating cardiovascular disease. (C) 2014 Sociedad Espanola de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier Espana, S. L. U. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista Española de Cardiología
Volume67
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)731-737
Number of pages7
ISSN0300-8932
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Promotion of cardiovascular health
  • Adoption of heart-healthy habits
  • Neurodegenerative disease
  • AMERICAN-HEART-ASSOCIATION
  • ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • UNITED-STATES
  • PREVALENCE
  • CHILDREN
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • CHILDHOOD
  • DEMENTIA
  • OBESITY

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